Interdomain conjugal transfer of DNA from bacteria to archaea.


Escherichia coli transforms the methanogenic archaeon Methanococcus maripaludis at frequencies ranging from 0.2 x 10(-6) to 2 x 10(-6) per recipient cell. Transformation requires cell-to-cell contact, oriT, and tra functions, is insensitive to DNase I, and otherwise displays hallmarks of conjugation.


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